**M.S. Exams**

Applied | Theory | Thesis

**Background**

This exam is a three-hour exam on statistical theory. It is assumed that all candidates will have a background corresponding to Statistics 512 and 513. The exam will typically consist of 4-7 questions on the following topics:

- Basic Probability theory
- Multivariable Models
- Sampling results and Asymptotic Theory
- Estimation
- Testing and Confidence Intervals
- Bayesian Methods

A study guide for each of these topics and references are given below.

**Time**

This exam is given once a year, currently in mid-June.

**Study Guide and References**

BASIC PROBABILITY THEORY: Basic facts of probability, conditional probability, independence, and random variables; means, variances; transformations; discrete distributions that include Bernoulli, binomial, geometric and negative binomial; the Poisson process and Poisson, exponential, and gamma distributions; continuous distributions that include uniform, normal, beta, Cauchy, and double exponential; moment generating functions.

- Casella and Berger, Second Edition.
*Statistical Inference*, Duxbury, Chapters 1-3. - Arnold, S. F.
*Mathematical Statistics*, Prentice Hall, Chapters 1,3,4. - Larsen and Marx.
*An Introduction to Mathematical Statistics and Its Applications*, Chapters 2,3.

MULTIVARIABLE MODELS: Joint, marginal, and conditional distributions; conditional mean and variance, independence, factorizing joint densities; expectation, moments, covariance and correlation, various methods of covariance calculation that include conditioning; location and scale families, exponential families; multivariate transformations, orthogonal transformation; bivariate normal distribution, linear regression, jointly normal random variables and orthogonal transformations; multinomial distribution.

- Casella and Berger, Second Edition.
*Statistical Inference*, Duxbury, Chapters 3-4. - Arnold, S. F.
*Mathematical Statistics*, Prentice Hall, Chapters 2, 5.

SAMPLING RESULTS AND ASYMPTOTIC THEORY: Law of large numbers and central limit theorem; basic properties of the sample mean X-bar and sample variance; the distribution of student-t, Snedecor-F, and the range of a sample; sampling from finite populations. Asymptotics: propagation of error (=delta method), variance stabilizing transformations, asymptotic distributions of sample quantiles.

- Casella and Berger, Second Edition.
*Statistical Inference*, Duxbury, Chapter 5. - Arnold, S. F.
*Mathematical Statistics*, Prentice Hall, Chapter 6.

ESTIMATION: Mean square error, method of moments, maximum likelihood estimators (MLE's), MLE's for Uniform(0,y) and Gamma(r,s), other examples of MLE's; exponential families and sufficiency, ancillary statistics and Basu's theorem, completeness; Cramér-Rao inequality, uniform minimum variance unbiased estimation, consistency and asymptotic distributions.

- Casella and Berger, Second Edition.
*Statistical Inference*, Duxbury, Chapter 6-7, 10. - Arnold, S. F.
*Mathematical Statistics*, Prentice Hall, Chapter 7, 10.

TESTING AND CONFIDENCE INTERVALS: Hypothesis tests and power functions, likelihood ratio tests, Neyman-Pearson lemma and uniformly most powerful tests, asymptotic properties; confidence intervals, relationship between hypothesis tests and confidence intervals; one-sample, two-sample, and linear regression models. Pearson's chi-square goodness-of-fit statistics for multinomial data.

- Casella and Berger, Second Edition.
*Statistical Inference*, Duxbury, Chapter 8-10. - Arnold, S. F.
*Mathematical Statistics*, Prentice Hall, Chapter 8-9, 11

BAYESIAN APPROACHES: Bayes estimators and conjugate priors, Bayesian tests, Bayesian intervals, Bayesian estimators and decision theory.

- Casella and Berger, Second Edition.
*Statistical Inference*, Duxbury, Chapter 8-10. - Arnold, S. F.
*Mathematical Statistics*, Prentice Hall, Chapter 8-9, 11

**Exam Archive**

/sites/default/files/files/1stYear_MSTheoryExam_2009.pdf

/sites/default/files/files/1stYear_MSTheoryExam_2010.pdf

/sites/default/files/files/1stYear_MSTheoryExam_2011.pdf

/sites/default/files/files/1stYear_MSTheoryExam_2012.pdf

/sites/default/files/files/1stYear_MSTheoryExam_2013.pdf

/sites/default/files/files/1stYear_MSTheoryExam_2014.pdf

/sites/default/files/files/1stYear_MSTheoryExam_2015.pdf

/sites/default/files/files/1stYear_MSTheoryExam_2016.pdf

/sites/default/files/files/1stYear_MSTheoryExam_2017.pdf

/sites/default/files/files/1stYear_MSTheoryExam_2018.pdf

**Solutions**